The Viable System Model – Part 4

Too close a view may interfere with one’s grasp of an overall problem or concept. Stafford Beer System 4 – Forward Planning, The External Eye With Systems 2 and 3, the organization will have stabilized and optimized operations (System 1). However, the environment is changing all the time, and each wave of change brings multitude […]

The Viable System Model – Part 3

If cybernetics is the science of control, management is the profession of control. Stafford Beer The design of a Viable System is not hierarchical and is not authoritative. Senior manager’s role is defined as a ‘Service Provider’ rather than a point of authority; and there is a very good reason for that: Laws of Variety. It […]

The Viable System Model – Part 2

Science has sought the ultimate source of energy in the physics of the sun itself . . . the hydrogen-helium fusion. Science now seeks the ultimate source of control, in the cybernetics of natural processes . . . the brain itself. Cybernetics and Management, Stafford Beer, 1959 ​Multiple Processes As an organization grows in complexity […]